How long do you expect to live? If the question is a little candid, it is also absolutely germane. And that is because we humans are living longer than at any other point in our history.
Since the 1850s there has been a steady shift in global demography and longevity. With the introduction of public health systems, people in many countries began to have a better chance of living beyond the age of 40. Over time countries became more differentiated in terms of how life expectancy, as well as the number of children being born to families.
A century later, in the 1950s, advances in cardiology meant that a heart attack, long the scourge of middle age, did not automatically mean a death sentence.
Today, medicine is tackling the diseases of old age. The pharmaceutical industry is making significant investments in prolonging lives, driving a demographic transition across the globe. In Japan for example, this demographic transition means that the average citizen age is now 46. In tandem, the country has become a beacon for the rest of the world, investing heavily in AI and robotics to help people remain productive for longer.
“China will age faster than Japan as longevity increases and family size diminishes”
But if Japan has the oldest population on the planet, the rest of the world is following closely behind. Indeed, China will age faster than Japan as longevity increases and family size diminishes. And populations in the west are expected to follow suit.
As people age, what does it mean for countries, societies, businesses and individuals? What will happen when everyone lives to 100?
The end of the three-stage life?
Typically, we think about the path of our life in three stages. We start in full-time education, progress to full-time work and finally move into full-time retirement. These three stages also bind us to age cohorts: if you’re in your teens you’re part of the college cohort; 20s to 65 you’re a worker; and those of us 65 or older are all bus-pass holders.
Packaging life up neatly into three stages is good news for governments, it makes policy-making straightforward as age equals stage. But as the global population gets older, it is unlikely that this simple framework can survive. Pension policies that worked with older generations (because people died younger) cannot indefinitely remain financially viable. And in a 100 year life, retirement at 65 will mean more than 35 years on the golf course. And that’s economically unsustainable by any measure.
Meanwhile, research suggests that retirement might actually be bad for our health. While rewarding work brings social capital, drives connectivity and keeps us moving, almost the opposite can be said for protracted periods of retirement – especially if economic options are restricted.
So, what’s the answer?
Should we save more of our salary? Should we retire on less than 50% of our working income? Or, as Andrew Scott and I believe, will we need to continue to work into our mid-70s?
Is 80 the new old?
Working until the age of 75 has little appeal if we continue to think about life in terms of the three-stage rubric of education, career and retirement. But longer life gives us an opportunity to re-think this paradigm and look for alternative ways to imagine age.
This will come with challenges. Getting a job in any country when you are over the age of 55 is hard – ageism is as widespread as it is embedded. In most countries set views about age are part of the fabric of the culture – as insidious as they are deleterious to individual choices. Tackling age discrimination will be crucial in avoiding fiscal catastrophe and supporting a countries’ healthcare system. As populations age, the onus will be on governments to rethink policy and regulation.
But it’s not just about government action- across our communities we need to shift how we think about age. Typically age is viewed chronological – the number of candles on your birthday cake. But how you age is not simply determined by your DNA, which accounts for less than 25% of the ageing process. The good news is that lifestyle really matters – how we exercise, what we eat and the way we live. We have the chance to live healthily into our eighties, nineties and possibly one-hundreds.
And if 80 is the new ‘old’ – then working into our seventies make sense. But what does that that say about the three-stage life? What changes do we need to make as employers or employees to better utilise talent and resources across this long life? And what do we need to do to sustain ourselves and preserve a good quality (longer) life?
Transitioning to the multi-stage life
One answer is to shift to a new paradigm. A more flexible life structure that gives us the option of reorganising our time so that assigning activities (leisure, work, learning, sabbaticals, caring) takes place across our whole life – in other words a multi-stage life.
Making this transition means fundamentally considering and redistributing time as a resource. And that bring challenges. Take for example taking time out for learning or caring. In most cultures and organisations, employees are penalised for taking time off work. Indeed parental leave often carries sanctions that inevitably impact salary or professional advancement, so much so that most men in the west refuse to take it. The results are often negative, creating a rigidity that pushes employees down narrow career channels, creating well-being issues and causing stress.
“There’s a very real need for employers and employees to urgently discover new ways of distributing time”
If we are going to work until later in our lives, there’s a very real need for employers and employees to urgently discover new ways of distributing time that breaks away from the linear. What’s to stop us from dipping into retirement time earlier and repurpose that time for, say, education and training? Because living to 100 and working to 75 in the era of digital disruption and technological innovation, will mean prioritising learning. There is no doubt that as the impact of machines on work gathers pace, there will be a constant need to reskill, upskill and acquire new knowledge.
Automation, AI and robotics raise deeper questions about what it means to be human at a time of longevity. As routine tasks are increasingly performed by machines, so the more cognitive or empathic skills become the purview of humans. Ensuring that employees can stay creative and productive longer into their working lives means that as well as making time for training, organisations will need to prioritise their creativity and well-being too.
Wellbeing hinges on good health. Living longer and staying fit and healthy means investing significant amounts of time in activities like sport and exercise. But health is only part of our well-being. Friendships and relationships have an enormous role to play in our long-term happiness. As family structures change and ever more women have careers, traditional family roles are evolving and being replaced by more ‘negotiated’ and time intensive relationships.
Today’s work structures were designed for a specific type of family, of technology, of life expectancy that is now changing – and changing fast. The challenge for organisations is to become more flexible and adaptive. The challenge for each one of us is to think deeply about how we distribute our time, how we learn and explore, and how we remain healthy and happy in our lives. The good news is that that we’re going to have plenty of time on our hands to ponder these things.
iPhone 12’s four models compared: Differences between iPhone 12, Pro, Pro Max and Mini
After a month-long delay due to the, Apple last week announced its latest family of iPhones . The new lineup includes the , and all feature 5G connectivity, a magnetic backing branded as that can attach to a and a new ceramic display that promises to be more durable. You can read CNET’s .
With so many devices, it can get a little confusing about what makes these handsets different from each other. In general, the iPhone 12 and 12 Mini are the two most affordable phones in the lineup and have dual rear cameras. The two Pro models are the highest-end and priciest iPhones. In addition to a third telephoto camera, they also have a LiDar scanner for modeling and object detection. (Here’sat different prices.)
For a full rundown on the iPhone 12, take a look at the chart below, where you can see their specs side-by-side. And for more information on all of the iPhone news.
IPHONE 12, 12 MINI, 12 PRO AND 12 PRO MAX SPECS
|Apple iPhone 12||Apple iPhone 12 Mini||Apple iPhone 12 Pro||Apple iPhone 12 Pro Max|
|Display size, resolution||6.1-inch OLED; 2,532×1,170 pixels||5.4-inch OLED; 2,340×1,080 pixels||6.1-inch OLED; 2,532×1,170 pixels||6.7-inch OLED; 2,778×1,284 pixels|
|Dimensions (inches)||5.78 x 2.82 x 0.29 in.||5.18 x 2.53 x 0.29 in.||5.78 x 2.82 x 0.29 in.||6.33 x 3.07 x 0.29 in.|
|Dimensions (millimeters)||146.7 x 71.5 x 7.4mm||131.5 x 64.2 x 7.4mm||146.7 x 71.5 x 7.4mm||160.8 x 78.1 x 7.4mm|
|Weight (ounces, grams)||5.78 oz.; 164g||4.76 oz.; 135g||6.66 oz.; 189g||8.03 oz.; 228g|
|Mobile software||iOS 14||iOS 14||iOS 14||iOS 14|
|Camera||12-megapixel (wide), 12-megapixel (ultra-wide)||12-megapixel (wide), 12-megapixel (ultra-wide)||12-megapixel (wide), 12-megapixel (ultra-wide), 12-megapixel (telephoto)||12-megapixel (wide), 12-megapixel (ultra-wide), 12-megapixel (telephoto)|
|Processor||Apple A14 Bionic||Apple A14 Bionic||Apple A14 Bionic||Apple A14 Bionic|
|Storage||64GB, 128GB, 256GB||64GB, 128GB, 256GB||128GB, 256GB, 512GB||128GB, 256GB, 512GB|
|Battery||Undisclosed; Apple lists 15 hours of video playback||Undisclosed; Apple lists 15 hours of video playback||Undisclosed; Apple lists 17 hours of video playback||Undisclosed; Apple lists 17 hours of video playback|
|Fingerprint sensor||No (FaceID)||No (FaceID)||No (FaceID)||No (FaceID)|
|Special features||5G enabled; MagSafe; water resistant (IP68); wireless charging; dual-SIM capabilities (nano-SIM and e-SIM)||5G enabled; MagSafe; water resistant (IP68); wireless charging; dual-SIM capabilities (nano-SIM and e-SIM)||Lidar scanner; 5G enabled; MagSafe; water resistant (IP68); wireless charging; dual-SIM capabilities (nano-SIM and e-SIM)||Lidar scanner; 5G enabled; MagSafe; water resistant (IP68); wireless charging; dual-SIM capabilities (nano-SIM and e-SIM)|
|Price off-contract (USD)||$829 (64GB), $879 (128GB), $979 (256GB)||$729 (64GB), $779 (128GB), $879 (256GB)||$999 (128GB), $1,099 (256GB), $1,299 (512GB)||$1,099 (128GB), $1,199 (256GB), $1,399 (512GB)|
|Price (GBP)||£799 (64GB), £849 (128GB), £949 (256GB)||£699 (64GB), £749 (128GB), £849 (256GB)||£999 (128GB), £1,099 (256GB), £1,299 (512GB)||£1,099 (128GB), £1,199 (256GB), £1,399 (512GB)|
|Price (AUD)||AU$1,349 (64GB), AU$1,429 (128GB), AU$1,599 (256GB)||AU$1,199 (64GB), AU$1,279 (128GB), AU$1,449 (256GB)||AU$1,699 (128GB), AU$1,869 (256GB), AU$2,219 (512GB)||AU$1,849 (128GB), AU$2,019 (256GB), AU$2,369 (512GB)|
iPhone 12 vs. iPhone 11
This month, Apple unveiled the iPhone 12 as the successor to the popular iPhone 11, with a new squared-off industrial design, the A14 Bionic chip, an OLED display, and MagSafe. As devices that are more affordable than the Pro models, but more fully-featured than the low-cost iPhone SE or iPhone XR, the iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 mini will likely be the most popular options for consumers.
The previous iPhone 11 continues to be sold by Apple. As it is a year older than the most recent iPhone 12, it starts at $599, while the iPhone 12 starts at $799. As the iPhone 11 and iPhone 12 share a large number of features, should you consider purchasing the older model to save money? Our guide helps to answer the question of how to decide which of these two iPhones is best for you, but overall the iPhone 12 is a moderate upgrade over the iPhone 11.
Comparing the iPhone 11 and the iPhone 12
The iPhone 11 and iPhone 12 share a large number of key features, such as display size and battery life. Apple lists these same features of the iPhone 11 and iPhone 12:
- 6.1-inch Retina display with True Tone, P3 wide color, Haptic Touch, and a max brightness of 625 nits
- A-Series Bionic chip
- Dual 12MP Ultra Wide and Wide cameras with two times optical zoom range, Night mode, Deep Fusion, and optical image stabilisation
- Face ID
- Battery life with up to 17 hours of video playback
- Aerospace-grade aluminum
- Lightning connector
- 4GB of RAM
- Available in 64GB, 128GB, and 256GB
- Available in White, Black, Green, and (PRODUCT)RED
Apple’s breakdown shows that the iPhones share a number of notable key features. Even so, there are meaningful differences between the iPhone 11 and iPhone 12, including display technology, the processor, and 5G connectivity.
- LCD Liquid Retina HD display with 1792-by-828-pixel resolution at 326 ppi and 1,400:1 contrast ratio
- 4G LTE cellular
- A13 Bionic chip
- Wide Lens f/1.8
- Next-generation Smart HDR for photos
- Water resistant to a depth of two metres for up to 30 minutes
- Qi wireless charging
- Available in White, Black, Green, Yellow, Purple, and (PRODUCT)RED
- OLED Super Retina XDR display with 2532-by-1170-pixel resolution at 460 ppi, 2,000,000:1 contrast ratio, and HDR
- 5G connectivity
- A14 Bionic chip
- Wide Lens f/1.6
- Smart HDR 3 for photos
- Dolby Vision HDR video recording up to 30 fps and Night mode Time-lapse
- Front-facing Night mode and Deep Fusion
- Ceramic Shield front
- Water resistant to a depth of six metres for up to 30 minutes
- MagSafe and Qi wireless charging
- Available in White, Black, Blue, Green, and (PRODUCT)RED
Note that the iPhone 12 Pro provides a few improvements to the iPhone 12 in the areas of camera quality, LiDAR, RAM, and material design. Meanwhile, besides the size of screen and battery, the iPhone 12 Mini is otherwise identical to the iPhone 12.
Read on for a closer look at each of these aspects, and see what exactly both iPhones have to offer.
Design and Colors
The iPhone 12 has a new squared-off industrial design with a flat aluminum band around the sides. Both iPhones use aerospace-grade aluminum on the edges and a single piece of polished glass on the rear.
The designs are actually fairly similar, but with the iPhone 12’s edges being flat and the iPhone 11’s being convex. The iPhone 12 represents a refinement, or what Apple calls an “elevation,” of the iPhone 11’s design rather than a complete overhaul, but it does feel markedly more modern, and may well be more secure to hold in the hand. The iPhone 12 is also 0.9mm thinner and 32 grams lighter than the iPhone 11.
Both are available in White, Black, Green, and (PRODUCT)RED, but each generation has some exclusive colors. The iPhone 11 is also available in Yellow or Purple, while the iPhone 12 is available in Blue.
The display is an area of major improvement for the iPhone 12. The latest model has an OLED Super Retina XDR display, compared to the iPhone 11’s LCD Liquid Retina HD display. The OLED display offers nearly twice the peak brightness of iPhone 11, significantly higher contrast and true blacks, HDR for richer colors, and systemwide color management for industry-leading color accuracy.
The new OLED display also features reduced bezels compared to the previous LCD model. By pushing the display further to the edges, the overall footprint of the device is slightly smaller. iPhone 12 also features stronger Ceramic Shield front glass, with up to four times improved drop performance.
The display improvements of the iPhone 12 are one of the main reasons to get the newer model. The iPhone 11’s LCD Liquid Retina display is good but slightly dated. There is no doubt that the advances made with the iPhone 12 and OLED make for a much more attractive device.
A13 vs A14
Apple says that the A14 is “the fastest chip in a smartphone,” and is the first commercial processor to be built on a five-nanometer process. The iPhone 12 is roughly expected to be 18.4% faster in single-core performance and 17.6% faster overall in multi-core scoring than the iPhone 11. For machine learning, the A14 Bionic features a 16-core Neural Engine, resulting in an 80 percent increase in performance.
A13 Bionic is still up to 20 percent faster than the A12, and the performance improvements of the A14 are not so drastic as to make the A13 feel slow by comparison. The A13 in the iPhone 11 remains a very powerful processor that is capable of completing all day-to-day tasks fluidly.
The iPhone 12 comes with sub-6Ghz 5G, as well as faster mmWave 5G in the United States. 5G will deliver improved internet speeds for faster downloads and uploads, higher quality video streaming, more responsive gaming, real-time interactivity in apps, FaceTime in high definition, and more. iPhone 12 models also feature a new “Smart Data mode,” which extends battery life by intelligently assessing 5G needs and balancing data usage, speed, and power in real time.
The iPhone 11 has the normal 4G LTE cellular connectivity that has been present in smartphones for many years, with no ability to connect to 5G.
In spite of its merits, 5G is only worth it if have an eligible data plan and are in an area with 5G coverage. If you are in an area with good 5G coverage or you intend to keep your iPhone for some years, 5G connectivity with the iPhone 12 may be important to you. As 5G is still in its infancy, the iPhone 11 is still a good smartphone for its price without 5G.
Cameras Similar, Software Better
The cameras of the iPhone 11 and iPhone 12 are similar. Both feature rear a dual 12MP camera system with an Ultra Wide and a Wide lens. The Ultra Wide lenses have the same apertures, while the iPhone 12 Wide lens has a slightly larger aperture (f/1.6) which offers better low-light sensitivity. They also both share the same 12MP f/2.2 front facing camera.
Features such as Night mode, Deep Fusion, and optical image stabilization are shared between the devices on the Wide camera, but the iPhone 12 extends Night mode and Deep Fusion to the Ultra Wide and front facing camera as well.
For video, the iPhone 12 can record HDR video with Dolby Vision up to 30 fps and time-lapses with Night mode.
For more significant camera improvements, you’ll need to step up to the new iPhone 12 Pro, which adds a third camera lens for telephoto capabilities, as well as a LiDAR scanner for improved autofocus and other features that rely on depth perception.
Battery and Charging
Both iPhones have a battery life allowing for up to 17 hours of video playback and can charge up to 50 percent in just 30 minutes with a 20W power adapter. Apple says that the iPhone 12 can achieve up to 11 hours of streaming video playback, instead of the ten hours of the iPhone 11, but it seems that both models will generally perform similarly when it comes to battery life.
iPhone 12 offers a unique charging feature, however. MagSafe improves wireless charging by easily aligning the charger with the internal coil via an array of magnets. MagSafe chargers can provide up to 15W of power while still accommodating existing Qi-enabled devices.
Other iPhone Options
Apple is also continuing to sell the iPhone XR, which was the predecessor to the iPhone 11, for $499. The iPhone XR shares the design and display of iPhone 11, but uses an older chip, cannot use camera features such as Night mode, and has a single rear camera only. If you are on a budget or don’t need some of the iPhone 11’s features such as the dual-camera setup, the iPhone XR may be a better option for you.
If you feel that iPhone 11 or iPhone 12 does not offer enough high-end features, and are interested in more advanced photography and videography, improved AR experiences, and more premium materials, you may wish to consider the iPhone 12 Pro or the iPhone 12 Pro Max.
Ultimately, the iPhone 12 offers some clear improvements over the iPhone 11 when it comes to the design, camera software, display, 5G, and MagSafe. While the improvements with regards to the camera hardware, processor, and battery life are relatively small, the addition of Night mode and Deep Fusion to the Ultra Wide and front facing camera of the Phone 12 could be significant for some customers.
5G connectivity, the OLED Super Retina XDR display, refreshed design, improved night photos of the iPhone 12 are the key features that differentiate it from the iPhone 11. While the typical day-to-day experience of the device is probably not significantly different, the overall improvements push us to recommend an iPhone 12 over the iPhone 11, budget permitting.
iPhone 12 vs. iPhone 11: Main differences, according to the buzzing rumor mill
Apple is expected to unveil the at its (tomorrow), and ship the new phones sometime . If you’re thinking about upgrading from last year’s iPhone 11 to the iPhone 12, you may be wondering: What exactly is the difference going to be?
We won’t know for sure until the new phones are revealed on Tuesday. But we’ve gathered the most probable rumors to see how the iPhone 12 will likely stack up against the iPhone 11. You can also determine , and the .
The biggest differences between the iPhone 11 and iPhone 12 will likely be the specs, of course. This is what we’re expecting from the iPhone 12.
Four iPhone 12 models
It’s possible that we’ll see iPhone 11 Pro (5.8-inch) and the iPhone 11 Pro Max (6.5-inch).launched on Tuesday: the iPhone 12 Mini (5.4-inch) the iPhone 12 and 12 Pro (6.1-inch), and the iPhone 12 Pro Max (6.7-inch). For comparison, there are only three iPhone 11s: the iPhone 11 (6.1-inch), the
Increased refresh rates
There is speculation that the iPhone 12’s display iPad Pro. Most phones (including the iPhone 11) refresh at 60 frames per second, or 60Hz, but some, like the and the , refresh at 120Hz. The higher the refresh rate, the faster and smoother a phone feels when scrolling through apps and websites.and , which you can currently find in the
As is typically the case with new iPhones, you can expect the iPhone 12’s cameras to be upgraded over the iPhone 11. The iPhone 11 has a photo Night Mode and anthat can add extra detail in photos, along with a great video camera. There have been rumors that the iPhone 12 may add a , like the Galaxy Note 10 Plus has, to help capture depth information. This could do a number of things like help with AR mapping, but could also mean you finally get the ability to have portrait mode in video.
The addition of 5G
One of the iPhone 12’s expected biggest new features is 5G connectivity, as virtually all new Android phones arriving in the US already have. This means the phones could tap into the high-speed wireless network on the go — which might seem , as we’re spending more time at home, but will still future-proof your device for the rise of 5G.. Apple’s event invitation starts with “Hi, Speed,” leading us to believe that the new phones will finally get
The iPhone 11 does not offer 5G connectivity, though many people seem to.
The 2019 iPhone 11’s base model cost $699, which was $50 less than the 2018 iPhone XR. It’s possible that this trend of lowering prices will continue: One tech analyst reports that the iPhone 12 base model (the Mini) will cost $649, the iPhone 12 Pro will cost $999 and the iPhone 12 Pro Max will cost $1,099. .
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